Lignans are present in a wide variety of plant foods, including seeds (flax, pumpkin, sunflower, poppy, sesame), whole grains (rye, oats, barley), bran (wheat, oat, rye), beans, fruit (particularly berries), and vegetables (30 , 46) . Secoisolariciresinol and matairesinol were the first plant lignans identified in foods (47) . Pinoresinol and laricresinol, two recently identified plant lignans, contribute substantially to total dietary lignan intakes. A survey of 4,660 Dutch men and women during 1997-1998 found that the median total lignan intake was mg/day (48) . Lariciresinol and pinoresinol contributed about 75% to the total lignan intake, while secoisolariciresinol and matairesinol contributed only about 25%. Plant lignans are the principal source of phytoestrogens in the diets of people who do not typically consume soy foods. The daily phytoestrogen intake of postmenopausal women in the US was estimated to be less than 1 mg/day, with 80% from lignans and 20% from isoflavones (49) .
Alexis Armstrong filmed the incident on Flight 1683 from Chicago to Atlanta. She said the father's daughter was momentarily scared to fly and wanted to sit on his lap. The father asked the flight attendant for a minute to calm her down, and was able to get her back in her seat. But the plane still returned to the gate and the family was forced to exit. ‘You’re gonna leave’ one crew member said, while another flight attendant told the father: ‘There’s no more discussion’. Armstrong said the crew threatened to kick her and another woman off the flight as well when they spoke out in defense of the father. ‘She’s a child, she was scared,’ Armstrong can be heard telling the flight attendant. Southwest Airlines told it regrets ‘the inconvenience to all involved’.